Reporters Without Borders

Predators

Somalia
Al-Shabaab
armed Islamist militia

There is no sign of any respite for Somalia after more than 20 years of war. Islamist insurgents, previously united against Ethiopia’s troops and now embroiled in internal rivalry and conflicts, have contributed to the chaos since 2009 by waging a war of harassment against the fragile transitional government.

The bearers of a strict version of Islam, they ban cinema, video games and radio music. Al-Shabaab (The Youth) has emerged as the biggest and best organized of these groups. It wages a campaign of terror, bomb attacks and targeted murders against leading members of Somali civil society who are, it says, guilty of serving the interests of the “Crusaders” of the West. Dozens of teachers, academics and politicians have been killed.

The victims include journalists, who are regarded almost by definition as enemies. Twenty-nine of them have been killed since 2007, either caught in crossfire or directly targeted by the various militia factions. Radio Shabelle has paid a particularly heavy price, losing three directors and four of its reporters.

Other Radio Shabelle employees fled the country. Al-Shabaab withdrew from Mogadishu in summer of 2011 but still controls a large area of the country, has its own prisons, carries out arrests and executes sentences. The militia also issues directives to journalists about how to cover the news and, in 2010, seized control of about 10 radio stations, which now broadcast its political and religious propaganda.

Abdullah ibn Abdulaziz Al-Saud - Saudi Arabia Alexander Lukashenko - Belarus Ayatollah Ali Khamenei - Iran Baloch armed groups - Pakistan Bashar Al-Assad - Syria Camorra (Naples), 'Ndrangheta (Calabria), Sacra Corona Unita (Puglia), Cosa Nostra (Sicily) - Italy China – Xi Jinping - China Choummaly Sayasone - Laos Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov - Turkmenistan Ilham Aliyev - Azerbaijan Islam Karimov – President, Uzbekistan - Uzbekistan Israel Defence Forces - Uzbekistan Issaias Afeworki - Eritrea Jabhat Al-Nosra - Syria Kim Jong-un - North Korea King Hamad Ben Aissa Al Khalifa - Bahrain Leaders and members of extremist religious groups - Maldives Mahmoud Ahmadinejad - Maldives Mexico : Miguel Trevino Morales, alias Z-40, and the Zetas drug cartel - Mexico Miguel Facussé Barjum - Honduras Mullah Mohammad Omar - Pakistan Nguyen Phu Trong - Vietnam Nursultan Nazarbayev - Kazakhstan Paul Kagame - Rwanda Philippines: private militias - Philippines Ramzan Kadyrov - Russia Raúl Castro - Cuba Somalia - Al-Shabaab, Islamist militia - Cuba Swaziland - Mswati III, King - Swaziland Teodoro Obiang Nguema - Equatorial Guinea The intelligence services - Pakistan The Islamist group Boko Haram - Nigeria The Rajapakse brothers - Sri Lanka The ruling Muslim Brotherhood - Sri Lanka Vasif Yusif Oghlu Talibov - Azerbaijan Vladimir Putin - Russia Yahya Jammeh - Gambia Zimbabwe - Robert Mugabe, president - Zimbabwe “Otoniel” and Los Urabeños – paramilitaries - Colombia
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